## Calc CD Notes

These are the notes. If you're in my class, you should try to print out one or two sets of notes ahead of where we are so you don't get caught without them. If you're not in my class, do whatever you want.

## Calc C Notes

## Notes 1: Partial Fractions

Partial fraction decomposition (leading to integrals, of course!); non-repeating linear factors; repeated linear factors; quadratic factors.

- Click here for a YouTube playlist of videos about these notes.
- Here are some problems you might want to do for general review after we finish Notes 01.

## Notes 2: Taylor Polynomials

Introduction to Taylor polynomials; error of Taylor polynomials for approximations. Here's a link to a GeoGebra file that shows a Taylor Polynomial with variable center and order.

- Click here for a YouTube playlist of me working through and explaining everything in these notes.
- Click here for a YouTube playlist of videos about these notes.

## Notes 3: Sequences

Sequences; limits of sequences

- Click here for a YouTube playlist of me working through and explaining everything in these notes.

## Notes 4: Introduction to Series

Introduction to series; geometric series; telescoping series; properties of convergent series; nth term test for divergence

- Click here for a YouTube playlist of me working through and explaining everything in these notes.
- Click here for a YouTube playlist of videos about these notes.

## Notes 5: Integral Test & p-Series

Series Tests: Integral test; p-series

- Click here for a YouTube playlist of me working through and explaining everything in these notes.
- Click here for a YouTube playlist of videos about these notes.

## Notes 6: Comparison Tests

Series Tests: Direct comparison test; limit comparison test.

- Click here for a YouTube playlist of me working through and explaining everything in these notes.
- Click here for a YouTube playlist of videos about these notes.

## Notes 7: Ratio & Root Tests

Series Tests: Ratio Test (best test ever!); Root Test.

- Click here for a YouTube playlist of me working through and explaining everything in these notes.
- Click here for a YouTube playlist of videos about these notes.

## Notes 8: Alternating Series

Alternating Series; Alternating Series Test; Error for Alternating Series; Absolute Convergence vs. Conditional Convergence

- Click here for a YouTube playlist of me working through and explaining everything in these notes.
- Click here for a YouTube playlist of videos about these notes.

## Notes 9: Power Series

Power Series; Interval of Convergence; new series from old series via integration and differentiation

- Click here for a YouTube playlist of me working through and explaining everything in these notes.
- Click here for a YouTube playlist of vides about these notes.

## Notes 10: Taylor Series

Taylor Series; working with the known series for e^x, sin(x), cos(x), and 1/(1-x); applications of series; Lagrange Error Bound; identifying the function to which a series converges.

- Click here for a YouTube playlist of me working through and explaining everything in these notes.
- Click here for a YouTube playlist of videos about these notes.

## Notes 11: Powers of Trig Functions

Integrals of powers of trig functions; saving a power; using Pythagorean Identities.

- Click here for a YouTube playlist of me working through and explaining everything in these notes.
- Click here for a YouTube playlist of videos about these notes.

## Notes 12: Arc Length

Arc Length for functions

- Click here for a YouTube playlist of me working through and explaining everything in these notes.
- Click here for a YouTube playlist of videos about these notes.

## Notes 13: Euler's Method

Euler's Method. Here's a link to a GeoGebra file that demonstrates Euler's Method (change the initial point, the size of dx, and the number of steps; also view the solution curve). Several interesting/useful videos in the playlist.

- Click here for a YouTube playlist of me working through and explaining everything in these notes.
- Click here for a YouTube playlist of videos about these notes.

## Notes 14: Logistic Differential Equation

Logistic Differential Equation. Here's a link to a GeoGebra file of a logistic curve with a slope field and some things you can manipulate. Here's a fun activity that generates a nice logistic curve (we do it in class, you don't need to print it). Here's the spreadsheet we'll use to track the activity.

- Click here for a YouTube playlist of me working through and explaining everything in these notes.
- Click here for a YouTube playlist about these notes.
- Here are some problems you might want to do for general review after we finish Notes 14.

## Notes 15: Trig Substitution

Integration by Trig Substitution; integrating lots of things with radicals of a certain form; introducing a radical to make it work; drawing reference triangles.

- Click here for a YouTube playlist of me working through and explaining everything in these notes.
- Click here for a YouTube playlist about these notes.

## Notes 16: Parametric Equations

Calculus of parametric equations; vector-valued functions; calculus of vector-valued functions. Here's a link to a GeoGebra file that shows a curve, dx/dt, dy/dt, dy/dx, and the second derivative of the parametric equations. You might want to review Notes 15 from Math Analysis. Check out the videos in the playlist below.

- Click here for a YouTube playlist of me working through and explaining everything in these notes.
- Click here for a YouTube playlist about these notes.
- Technology stuff for these notes.
- Here are some problems you might want to do for general review after we finish Notes 16.

## Notes 17: Polar Coordinates

Calculus of polar coordinates. First you need to really get good at non-calculus related polar coordinates. You might want to review Notes 16 from Math Analysis for basic, non-calculus stuff. In these notes: common graphs, tangent lines, dr/dt, polar areas.

- Click here for a YouTube playlist of me working through and explaining everything in these notes.
- GeoGebra things for these Notes.
- Click here for a YouTube playlist of videos about these notes.

## AP Free Response Video Solutions.

Not really notes, but a spreadsheet that links to each of my AP Free Response video solutions. You might find yourself consulting that frequently as you study for the exam. Make sure to always try the problems first! Watching the videos can be counter productive if you haven't yet done the problems.

## AP Calculus BC Review Videos

Click the link to go to a Google Doc I'll try to maintain that just has videos that will get you up to speed on particular topics that are on the AP Calculus BC exam. This list is more focused than the playlists linked with each set of notes and is more for when you realize you really need to cram for one topic on the exam.

## Everything after this point is beyond the scope of the AP Calculus BC Exam...

## Calc D Notes

## Notes 1: Vectors in 3D

3D vectors; distance, midpoint, spheres; dot product; components and projections; cross products; distance from a point to a line; scalar triple product; parallelepipeds. Here's a proof about a relationship between sine and the cross product.

## Notes 2: Lines and Planes in 3D

vector, parametric, and symmetric equations of a line in 3-dimensions; angle between lines; planes; normal vectors to planes.

## Notes 3: Quadratic Surfaces, Spherical, Cylindrical Coordinates

The various quadratic surfaces and their traces; cylindrical coordinates (basically polar); spherical coordinates. If you follow along with the videos about spherical coordinates, you can find the problems, some work, and some things to type in here.

## Notes 4: Calculus of Vector-Valued Functions

Intersections of surfaces; domains; limits; derivatives; tangent lines; arc length parameterizations; curvature

## Notes 5: Derivative Things of Functions of Several Variables

Domains; partial derivatives; mixed partial derivatives; the Chain Rule; Direction Derivative and Gradient; tangent planes and normal lines. See the videos for a bunch of examples. Here's a write up of directions on how to look at partial derivatives graphically using GeoGebra 3D. Here's a page with some GeoGebra sketches to look at.

## Notes 6: Optimization in Several Variables

Critical points; Second Derivative Test; Global extrema (absolute max/min); constrained optimization; Lagrange Multipliers.

- Here's a link to a page of GeoGebra sketches about these notes.
- Here's a playlist of videos about Notes 6.

## Notes 7: Double & Triple Integrals

Riemann sums leading to double integrals; evaluating iterated integrals; changing the order of integration; determining the bounds; polar coordinates; triple integrals; cylindrical coordinates; spherical coordinates. Here's a video of how to use your TI-Nspire CAS to help you find double (or triple) integrals. Here's a video example of how to reverse the order of integration. Here's a link to a GeoGebra file (Muli Riemann Sums.ggb) that tries to show Riemann Sums for double integrals in rectangular. Here's a link to the same sort of thing but on GeoGebra.org. (It is very slow to update as you change things because it is doing a lot of work!)

## Notes 8: Vector Fields & Line Integrals

Gradient vector fields and potential functions; conservative vector fields; curl; line integrals; work; Fundamental Theorem of Line Integrals; path independence. Here's a video example of a line integral of a scalar function. Here's a video example of a line integral of a vector field. The playlist below contains a full walkthrough of all the problems in the notes since we often have timing issues near the end of the year.